you look at over five years ago. remember that bridge, thomas, in minnesota that collapsed? >> sure. >> well, that was structurally deficient for 17 years. they knew it was -- and by the way, that bridge and 75,000 other bridges were structurally deficient. well, guess what happens? 140,000 people still went on that eight-lane bridge until it finally collapsed. well, in pennsylvania, we have 4,000 bridges that are structurally deficient. and again, 75,000 across the country. do we want -- in that case, there was 13 people that were killed. do we want more kids being killed because we're not willing to invest in infrastructure? we've got to be smart as a country and say we've got to invest and make not just wasteful spending, proper investments to make sure our families are safe, bridges are safe, roads are safe, gun control is safe. i mean, those type of things we absolutely need to do. >> investment in the future needs to start earlier looking down the road. patrick murphy, thank you, sir. i appreciate it. e over to mission a for a final go.